SN instructed patient with Diabetes mellitus ( DM )about the importance of avoiding getting sick. Seasonal viruses such as common cold, flu and other illnesses may cause diabetes mellitus ( DM ) episodes to increase in frequency and severity. SN instructed patient on how to identify the first signs of flu, bronchitis and others respiratory infections, which could decompensated your diabetes.
Instructed on emergency preparedness. Planning ahead to ensure adequate care in case of severe weather or natural disaster is imperative. Here are a few key tips that warrant consideration in any elderly person’s disaster plan: Create an emergency contact card listing all of the emergency contact numbers and family information, including a list of doctors and relatives or friends who should be notified in case of injury. Discuss what to do in case of an emergency. Create a “disaster kit” that includes: Water for three days, Non-perishable food for three days (examples include protein and fruit bars, dried fruit, nuts, peanut butter, crackers, canned juices and canned food), plus a manual can opener Battery-operated radio with extra batteries, Flashlight with plenty of extra batteries Change of clothes, plus extra blankets First aid supplies, Prescription medicine list, plus copies of prescriptions Extra eyeglasses and hearing-aid batteries, Copies of medical insurance and Medicare cards, Some cash on hand, as a bank or ATM machine may be inaccessible Extra warm clothing
Sn instructed that reducing sodium intake lowers blood pressure and prevent the collection of fluid in the lower legs or abdomen. People with chronic kidney disease must control sodium intake to prevent volume overload, which increases blood pressure and causes swelling. Food to eat any fresh or frozen beef, lamb, pork, poultry and fish. Eggs and egg substitutes. Low-sodium peanut butter. Dry peas and beans (not canned) drained, water or oil packed canned fish or poultry foods to avoid canned food canned vegetables processed meats salted snacks such as, salted peanuts, salted almonds etc.
SN instructed patient on signs of central catheter problems. The signs of catheter infection and problems are similar for all types of central venous catheters. If you have any sign of infection or catheter problem, call your doctor immediately. In addition signs of infection, clotting, or other problems include: Redness, tenderness, drainage, warmth, or odor around the catheter site Fever of 100.5F (38 C) or greater, or chills, swelling of the face, neck, chest, or arm on the side where your catheter is inserted, leakage of blood or fluid at the catheter site or the cap, inability to flush the catheter, or resistance to flushing the catheter, displacement or lengthening of the catheter. Patient verbalized understanding
SN instructed patient that bleeding is frequently associated with any non-tunneled catheter insertion. More frequent dressing changes and/or a mild pressure dressing may be required. Excessive bleeding or bleeding that persists for more than 24 hours is not normal. Excessive bleeding may be caused by coagulation disorders, vigorous physical activity, or a traumatic insertion procedure.
SN instructed patient about high blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120 / 80 mm / Hg most of the time. High blood pressure ( hypertension ) is when your blood pressure is 140 / 90 mm / Hg or above most of the time.
SN Instructed patient on Lobectomy Care. You will be able to drink liquids and eat certain foods once your stomach function returns after surgery. You may be given ice chips at first. Then you will get liquids such as water, broth, juice and clear soft drinks. If your stomach does not become upset, you may then be given soft foods, such as ice cream and applesauce. Once you can eat soft foods easily, you may slowly begin to eat solid foods.
SN instructed patient on Lobectomy Care. The deep breathing and coughing will decrease your risk for a lung infection. Take a deep breath and hold it for as long as you can. Let the air out and then cough strongly. Deep breaths help open your airway. You may be given an incentive spirometer to help you take deep breaths. Put the plastic piece in your mouth and take a slow, deep breath. Then let the air out and cough. Repeat these steps 10 times every hour.
Skilled nurse instructed patient on safety measures to avoid injuries and falls such as keeping adequate lighting during the day and night and was educated on proper use of assistive device to prevent falls.
Skilled nurse advised patient to elevate both legs to decrease pain and improve circulation.