SN instructed patient and caregiver that NAS Diet (No-Added-Salt) is still a balanced diet. It includes grains, fruits, dairy products, meat and vegetables, but the choices you make, must be lower-sodium choices. The NAS Diet (No-Added-Salt) allows all milk, all yogurt, all fruits and all breads without salted tops. Vegetables must be fresh or frozen and not canned or pickled.
SN instructed patient on nutrients required for wound healing. To promote wound healing with good nutrition, plan healthy, balanced meals and snacks that include the right amount of foods from 5 food groups: protein, fruits, vegetables, dairy and grains. Fats and oils should be used sparingly. Choose vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin c, such as strawberries or spinach. For adequate zinc, choose whole grains and consume protein, such as eggs, meat, dairy or seafood. Some wounds may require a higher intake of certain vitamins and minerals to support healing. Include adequate protein throughout the day. Include a source of protein at each meal or snack. Stay well-hydrated with water or other unsweetened beverages. For people with diabetes, monitor, and control blood sugar levels to help prevent new wounds from developing and to support healing and recovery. Patient verbalized understanding.
SN instructed patient and caregiver that a bowl of oatmeal eaten in the morning provides a good source of energy throughout the morning hours, without an increase or drop in blood sugar. Patient and caregiver verbalized understanding.
SN instructed patient and caregiver about the low concentrated sweets diet helps control blood sugar levels by eliminating most simple sugars in the foods you eat. All carbohydrates break down to sugar as they are eaten and digested. There are two different types of carbohydrate complex and simple. Most simple sugars are considered concentrated sweets. Simple carbohydrates cause a quick increase in blood sugar. Your doctor might order a low concentrated sweets diet for you if you have diabetes or are at risk for developing diabetes mellitus you are on medications that can cause high blood sugar you have diarrhea.
SN instructed patient and caregiver to eat a healthy diet, as it can boost your immune system and speed up wound recovery. Five nutrients that are essential for wound healing: Protein, Vitamin C, Zinc, Carbohydrates, Vitamin A
SN instructed patient/cg regarding diet modification promoting wound healing: increase protein in your diet. Food reach in protein: eggs, meat, cheese, milk, fish, peanut butter, legumes. Drink at least 8 glasses of water every day. Eat food reach in vitamin C ( citrus fruits and juices, strawberries, tomatoes, broccoli, potatoes) and zinc such as fortified cereals, red meat, and seafood. Patient Verbalize 80% understanding: Requires more instructions.
SN instructed patient on heart healthy diet: reduce na intake by choosing fresh vegetables instead of canned, choose healthy fats which includes olive and canola oil, walnuts and flax seeds, avoid foods that include margarine, avoid fried foods, and eat more soluble fiber foods such as apples, broccoli, carrots and avoid fatty meats such as hotdogs, sausage and bacon.
Instructed patient that certain medications you might be taking, including Coumadin (Warfarin Sodium Tablets), also require special nutritional precautions. Your doctor or LVAD coordinator can provide you with detailed nutritional guidelines for your particular situation. Understanding was verbalized.
SN instructed patient and caregiver about Jevity, an enteral nutrition formulas are used as nutritional replacements for patients who are unable to get enough nutrients in their diet. These formulas are taken by mouth and are used by the body for energy and to form substances needed for normal body functions. Use the amount recommended by your doctor. This preparation is in ready-to-use form. No dilution is needed unless directed by your physician. Shake the preparation well before opening. Refrigerate after opening, out of the reach of children. Most formulas can be kept in the refrigerator for 1 to 2 days. Check the label of your product.
SN instructed patient and caregiver that potassium is available in foods such as asparagus, tomatoes and green leafy vegetables such as spinach. Some salt substitutes contain potassium. Avoid fruits like bananas and oranges if you are on a diabetic diet. If levels drop too low or spike too high, your heart function suffers, becoming slow or erratic, a condition known as arrhythmias. Because abnormal potassium levels greatly impact your heart function and can ultimately lead to a heart attack, it’s essential to follow your doctor’s advice carefully. Most common reasons for potassium loss is from vomiting, diarrhea, laxative use and diuretic use.