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Instructed in new medication Albuterol to prevent or treat bronchospasm in patients with reversible obstructive airway disease. In addition, warned of possible S/E such as tremor, nervousness, dizziness, insomnia, headache, hyperactivity, weakness, CNS stimulation, malaise, tachycardia, palpitations, hypertension, dry and irritated nose and throat (with inhaled form), nasal congestion, epistaxis, hoarseness, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, bad taste in mouth, increased appetite, hypokalemia, muscle cramps, bronchospasm, cough, wheezing, dyspnea, bronchitis, increased sputum or hypersensitivity reactions. Warned patient about possibility of paradoxical bronchospasm. If this occurs, discontinue drug immediately. If more than one inhalation is ordered, instructed to wait at least 2 minutes before repeating procedure. Use of an aero chamber may improve drug delivery to the lungs. If steroid inhaler used, advised to use the bronchodilator first and then advised to wait about 5 minutes before using the steroid. This allows the bronchodilator to open the air passages for maximum effectiveness. Advised to remove canister and wash inhaler with warm, soapy water at least once a week.
Instructed patient about the importance of injecting insulin not exactly in the same place each time, but move around in the same area so the insulin reaches the blood with the same speed with each shot.
Instructed patient on the use of home glucose monitor to ensure accuracy of results.
Patient was instructed on precautions regarding food. Avoid containers that have broken seals. Wash any equipment thoroughly that has come in contact with raw meat or poultry. Never use an egg that has unpleasant odors or cracked shells.
Patient was instructed on list of precautions regarding medications: Keep each drug in its original, labeled container. Make sure labels are legible. Read labels carefully and follow all instructions.
The patient was instructed in cellulitis the importance of elevation and immobilization of the affected limb for at least 2 to 3 days or until redness and the swelling have decreased. The patient was taught in wound care and dressing changes. The patient was advised how to apply cool compresses for discomfort, alternating with a warm compress or warm soak to increase circulation to the affected area.
The patient was instructed in frostbite indicating the application of dry, sterile dressings to small, open areas. The patient was advised the importance of protecting the extremity from temperature extremes and rapid changes in temperature because the tissue is delicate to temperature changes and refreezing causes tissue damage. The patient was explained to elude fitted, constrictive clothing or pressure to an area that might cut circulation. The patient was recommended defensive procedures to avoid future incidents or reinjury of the frostbitten part, protective, multilayered, warm, nonconstrictive clothing avoiding of cold temperatures, exhaustion, and malnutrition. The patient was advised that there may be long-term remaining effects, increased sensitivity to cold, burning and itchy, and increasing sweating. The patient was explained that lower extremities are affected, to avoid weight bearing and offer instruction in the use of ambulatory aids. The patient was taught in the importance of elevating the affected extremity. The patient was advised in range-of-motion exercises to prevent contractures.
The patient was instructed in gangrene and after removed damaged tissue checks the wound daily, use aseptic method. The patient was advised the need for rest to conserve energy, promote curative, and reduce stress on involved tissues. The patient was explained of immobilizing the affected extremity to decrease the spread of infected drainage. The patient was advised in range-of-motion exercises to maintain strength of muscles and joints and to avoid atrophy of tissues. The patient was taught in the use of ambulatory aids when is permitted out of bed.
SN instructed caregiver that Amiodarone is a class of antiarrhythmic agent used for various types of cardiac dysrhythmias, both ventricular and atrial. Despite relatively common side-effects, it is used in arrhythmias that are otherwise difficult to treat with medication. The most serious reaction that is due to amiodarone is interstitial lung disease. Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Corneal micro-deposits . Abnormal liver enzyme results. Much rarer are jaundice, hepatomegaly, and hepatitis. Low-dose amiodarone has been reported to cause pseudo-alcoholic cirrhosis. Long-term administration of amiodarone is associated with a light-sensitive blue-grey discoloration of the skin, and peripheral neuropathies. Gynecomastia and an association between amiodarone and an increased risk of cancer, especially in males
SN instructed patient / caregiver about Diphenhydramine( Benadryl). It is a first-generation antihistamine used to treat a number of conditions including allergic symptoms and itchiness, the common cold, insomnia, motion sickness, and extrapyramidal symptoms. It is a potent anticholinergic agent. This activity is responsible for multiples side effects such as: dry mouth and throat, increased heart rate, pupil dilation, urinary retention, constipation, and, at high doses, hallucinations or delirium. Other side effects include motor impairment, flushed skin, blurred vision at near point owing to lack of accommodation, abnormal sensitivity to bright light (photophobia), sedation, difficulty concentrating, short-term memory loss, visual disturbances, irregular breathing, dizziness, irritability, itchy skin, confusion, increased body temperature, temporary erectile dysfunction, and excitability, and although it can be used to treat nausea, higher doses may cause vomiting. Report any Side effect / Adverse reaction to Physician / Nurse as needed.