SN instructed patient with Diabetes mellitus ( DM )about the importance of avoiding getting sick. Seasonal viruses such as common cold, flu and other illnesses may cause diabetes mellitus ( DM ) episodes to increase in frequency and severity. SN instructed patient on how to identify the first signs of flu, bronchitis and others respiratory infections, which could decompensated your diabetes.
SN instructed caregiver that a confused person should not be left alone. To help a confused person: always introduce yourself, no matter how well the person once knew you, often remind the person of his or her location, place a calendar and clock near the person, talk about current events and plans for the day, try to keep the surroundings calm, quiet, and peaceful.
Sn explain that the joint pain can affect one or more joints. The joint pain can be caused by many types of injuries or conditions. It may be linked to arthritis, bursitis, and muscle pain. No matter what causes it, this can be very bothersome. Some things that can cause joint pain are: Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus Bursitis Chondromalacia patellae Crystals in the joint: Gout ( especially found in the big toe ) and Calcium pyrophosphate deposition (CPPD ) ( pseudo gout ) Infections caused by a virusInjury, such as a fracture Osteoarthritis Osteomyelitis ( bone infection ), Septic arthritis ( joint infection ) Tendinitis Unusual exertion or overuse, including strains or sprains.
SN instructed patient / caregiver on service authorization, advance directives, rights and responsibilities, rights of the elderly and obtained necessary signatures. Instructed patient / caregiver on 24 hour nurse availability and provided / posted the agency telephone number. Also instructed that after hours, weekends and holidays an answering service will reach the nurse and he / she will return the patient / caregiver call and answer any questions or make a visit if needed. Patient and caregiver stated understanding. Patient and caregiver educated on diabetic diet, diabetic foot care, symptoms / signs ( s / s ) of depression, managing pain with medications, healthy skin, and pressure ulcer prevention. Leaflets left in home.
SN teaching the patient / caregiver on S / S ( signs / symptoms) of wound infection to report to physician, such as increased temp >100.5, chills, increase in drainage, foul odor, redness, or unrelieved pain.
SN instructed patient on Lobectomy Care. The deep breathing and coughing will decrease your risk for a lung infection. Take a deep breath and hold it for as long as you can. Let the air out and then cough strongly. Deep breaths help open your airway. You may be given an incentive spirometer to help you take deep breaths. Put the plastic piece in your mouth and take a slow, deep breath. Then let the air out and cough. Repeat these steps 10 times every hour.
SN Instructed patient on Lobectomy Care. You will be able to drink liquids and eat certain foods once your stomach function returns after surgery. You may be given ice chips at first. Then you will get liquids such as water, broth, juice and clear soft drinks. If your stomach does not become upset, you may then be given soft foods, such as ice cream and applesauce. Once you can eat soft foods easily, you may slowly begin to eat solid foods.
SN instructed patient about High blood pressure. Normal blood pressure is when your blood pressure is lower than 120 / 80 mm / Hg most of the time. High blood pressure ( hypertension ) is when your blood pressure is 140 / 90 mm / Hg or above most of the time.
SN instructed patient that bleeding is frequently associated with any non-tunneled catheter insertion. More frequent dressing changes and/or a mild pressure dressing may be required. Excessive bleeding or bleeding that persists for more than 24 hours is not normal. Excessive bleeding may be caused by coagulation disorders, vigorous physical activity, or a traumatic insertion procedure.
SN instructed patient on signs of central catheter problems. The signs of catheter infection and problems are similar for all types of central venous catheters. If you have any sign of infection or catheter problem, call your doctor immediately. In addition signs of infection, clotting, or other problems include: Redness, tenderness, drainage, warmth, or odor around the catheter site Fever of 100.5F (38 C) or greater, or chills, swelling of the face, neck, chest, or arm on the side where your catheter is inserted, leakage of blood or fluid at the catheter site or the cap, inability to flush the catheter, or resistance to flushing the catheter, displacement or lengthening of the catheter. Patient verbalized understanding