Congestive Heart Failure

Nursing Continuing Education

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 2066

SN instructed patient about that swelling of ankle or hands or increased dyspnea ( SOB ) or moist coughing is a sign of congestive heart failure ( CHF ) and contact with physician is needed reporting symptoms. Patient was able to be taught back.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 2177

SN explained that the symptoms / signs of congestive heart failure ( CHF ) may include: Shortness of breath ( also called dyspnea ) most commonly during activity, at rest, or while sleeping, which may come on suddenly and wake you up. You often have difficulty breathing while lying flat and may need to prop up the upper body and head on two pillows. You often complain of waking up tired or feeling anxious and restless. Blood backs up in the pulmonary veins ( the vessels that return blood from the lungs to the heart ) because the heart can't keep up with the supply. This causes fluid to leak into the lungs. Persistent coughing or wheezing, coughing that produces white or pink blood - tinged mucus. Fluid builds up in the lungs. Buildup of excess fluid in body tissues ( edema ) swelling in the feet, ankles, legs or abdomen or weight gain. You may find that your shoes feel tight.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 2178

SN explain about congestive heart failure ( CHF ). As blood flow out of the heart slows, blood returning to the heart through the veins backs up, causing fluid to build up in the tissues. The kidneys are less able to dispose of sodium and water, also causing fluid retention in the tissues. Fatigue, a tired feeling all the time and difficulty with everyday activities, such as shopping, climbing stairs, carrying groceries or walking. The heart can't pump enough blood to meet the needs of body tissues. The body diverts blood away from less vital organs, particularly muscles in the limbs, and sends it to the heart and brain. Lack of appetite, nausea, a feeling of being full or sick to your stomach. The digestive system receives less blood, causing problems with digestion. Confusion, impaired thinking, memory loss and feelings of disorientation. A caregiver or relative may notice this first. Changing levels of certain substances in the blood, such as sodium, can cause confusion. If you have 2 or more of these symptoms you may need to seek medical attention.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1646

Instructed patient about the signs and symptoms to call 9-1-1 with regard to diagnosis Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), or congestive heart failure, that may point to the condition being worsened and needing immediate medical attention by 9-1-1, call MD to report to MD: crackling noise that can be audibly heard as patient exhales, pink, frothy sputum that patient coughs out, patient has markedly increased shortness of breath that is not relieved even after 15 minutes of rest, may also be non-productive but incessant cough that includes crackling sound, rapid heart rate that may last more than 30 minutes (with or without dizziness), weight gain of more than 2-3 pounds in one day, or 5-7 pounds in seven days, lower extremity swelling which may or may not include fluid seeping through the skin. With regard to increased/increasing shortness of breath that is not relieved, however, told PCG and patient to remain calm and call 9-1-1 and not wait/call MD as it needs to be taken care of right away, because the patient needs oxygen in the body immediately - a medical emergency.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1680

Patient instructed in congestive heart failure occurs when your heart is not able to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the rest of your body. If you have CHF, blood and extra fluid may back up into your lungs, making it difficult for you to breathe, swelling in your ankles and legs (called edema) may occur, you may experience excess fatigue with exercise.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1109

Instructed on the importance, when having Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), of reporting immediately signs/symptoms, such as: rapid weight gain and loss of appetite, among others.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1110

Instructed on the importance, when having Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), of reporting immediately signs/symptoms, such as: increased shortness of breath and edema (fluid retention), among others.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1111

Instructed on the importance, when having Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), of reporting immediately signs/symptoms, such as: persistent cough and frequent urination at night, among others.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1112

Instructed on some potential complications of Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), such as: acute pulmonary edema and pneumonia, among others.

Congestive Heart Failure Teaching 1138

Taught that, in Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), the decrease in the amount of blood pumped with each heart contraction causes an increase in circulatory pressure.