The patient was instructed in emphysemathe importance of avoiding bronchopulmonary irritants such as cigarettes smoking, industrial air pollutants, dust, powders, perfumes, aerosol sprays. The patient was encouraged to use of bronchodilator nebulizers. The patient was taught in adaptive breathing techniques such as deep-breathing exercises, coughing techniques, pursed-lip breathing, and abdominal breathing. The patient was reviewed to avoid persons with infections, especially upper respiratory tract infections. The patient was advised the importance of taking vaccines for influenza and pneumococcal pneumonia. The patient was recommended on cleaning of all home respiratory equipment. The patient was taught in the importance of environmental control, avoid dry air, avoid going out in cold temperatures.
Instructed on some measures aimed to managing/controlling Emphysema, such as: gradually increase exercise and use warm-up and cool-down exercises, as directed by MD.
Instructed on some measures aimed to managing/controlling Emphysema, such as: report immediately to physician, nurse or other health care provider if fever, change in amount or color of sputum and/or increased shortness of breath occur.
Instructed on some measures aimed to managing/controlling Emphysema, such as: avoid or control stress, which can exacerbate disease.
Taught that the lungs are two sac-like organs located in the chest cavity.
Taught that the main function of the lungs is to supply oxygen to the blood and to remove carbon dioxide from the blood.
Taught that the airways are similar to an upside-down tree; the trachea (or windpipe) is like the main trunk, which divides into smaller branches.
Taught that Emphysema is a chronic, irreversible lung disease caused by recurrent inflammation resulting in the destruction of lung tissue.
Taught that, in Emphysema, there is an enlargement and loss of elasticity of the alveoli resulting in decreased air exchange and air trapping.
Taught that, in Emphysema, the lungs are in a chronic state of hyper-expansion, causing expiration to be more difficult.