Medications

Nursing Continuing Education

Venelex ointment Teaching 2190

Sn instructed patient that venelex ointment contains balsam peru 87.0mg and castor oil usp 788.0mg in an ointment base of glyceryl monostearate and trypsin. It promotes debridement of eschar and other necrotic tissue. Balsam peru is a effective capillary bed stimulant used to increase circulation in the wound site area. Also, balsam peru has a mildly bactericidal action. Castor oil improves epithelialization by reducing premature epithelial desiccation and cornification. Also, it can act as a protective covering and aids in the reduction of pain. Venelex ointment is used to promote wound healing and the treatment of decubitus ulcers, varicose ulcers and dehiscent wounds. Venelex™ ointment is easy to apply and quickly reduces odors frequently accompanying a decubitus ulcer. The wound may be left open or appropriate dressing applied. Please note that wounds generally heal poorly in the presence of hemoglobin or zinc deficiency. Venelex™ ointment can relieve pain and promote healing. Venelex ointment is for external use only. Do not apply to fresh arterial clots. Avoid contact with eyes. Keep this and all other medications out of reach of children. Keep tightly closed. Use only as directed by a physician. When applied to a sensitive area, a temporary stinging may occur. Apply a thin film of venelex™ ointment topically a minimum of twice daily or as often as necessary. Wound may be left unbandaged or appropriate dressing can be applied. To remove, wash gently with an appropriate wound cleanser.

Tamsulosin Teaching 2186

SN instructed patient regarding new medication Tamsulosin. This medication is used to relieve the symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia ( BPH ) such as difficult urination and inability to empty your bladder completely, common symptoms of enlarged prostate. Tamsulosin works by relaxing bladder neck muscles and muscle fibers in the prostate itself and make it easier to urinate. Common side effects include dizziness, nasal congestion, rhinitis, rhinorrhea, sinus congestion and seasonal allergic rhinitis, drowsiness. Take this medication at bedtime to avoid becoming sleepy during the day. This medication may also cause you to become dizzy when standing up from a sitting or lying position, so rise slowly. Call 911 or get immediate emergency help if you have any signs of allergic reaction such as blistering rash, swelling of face; tongue, throat, or difficulty breathing. Patient verbalized understanding of all teaching.

Torsemide Teaching 2185

SN instructed patient on medication Torsemide. This medication is used to treat high blood pressure and edema ( fluid retention, excess fluid held in body tissues ) caused by various medical problems, including heart, kidney, or liver disease. In addition to taking this medication, making lifestyle changes will also help to control your blood pressure. These changes include eating a diet that is low in fat and salt, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising at least 30 minutes most days, not smoking and using alcohol in moderation. To help you remember to take torsemide, take it around the same time every day. Torsemide controls high blood pressure and edema but does not cure these conditions. SN instructed to patient to continue to take torsemide even if you feel well. Do not stop taking torsemide without talking to your doctor. Common side effects of Torsemide includes: Dizziness or lightheadedness when standing or sitting up, excessive urination, constipation, headache and nausea.

Zofran - ondansetron Teaching 2183

SN instructed patient / caregiver on Zofran - ondansetron. This medication blocks the actions of chemicals in the body that can trigger nausea and vomiting. Zofran is used to prevent nausea and vomiting that may be caused by surgery, cancer chemotherapy, or radiation treatment. Serious side effects include blurred vision or temporary vision loss ( lasting from only a few minutes to several hours ), slow heart rate, trouble breathing, anxiety, agitation, shivering, feeling like you might pass out, and urinating less than usual or not at all. Stop taking Zofran and call your doctor at once if you have any of these side effects. Ondansetron may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be alert. Zofran side effects get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Zofran: rash, hives, fever, chills, difficult breathing, swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Call your doctor at once if you have: severe constipation, stomach pain, or bloating, headache with chest pain and severe dizziness, fainting, fast or pounding heartbeats, fast or pounding heartbeats, jaundice ( yellowing of the skin or eyes ); blurred vision or temporary vision loss ( lasting from only a few minutes to several hours ); high levels of serotonin in the body - agitation, hallucinations, fever, fast heart rate, overactive reflexes, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of coordination, fainting. Patient / caregiver verbalized understanding. Instruct to call agency for questions or concerns.

Oxybutynin Teaching 2174

SN instructed patient / caregiver on the medication Oxybutynin. This medication is used to treat overactive bladder a condition in which the bladder muscles contract uncontrollably ( spasms ) and cause frequent urination, an urgent need to urinate, and / or the inability to control urination. Oxybutynin is in a class of medications called anticholinergics. It works by relaxing the bladder muscles. Possible side effects included: Dry mouth or eyes ( less common - dry nose or skin ), dizziness and / or drowsiness, mild constipation, upset stomach, heartburn, nausea, blurred vision or ( eye ) sensitivity to light. Patient / caregiver verbalized understanding.

Insulin Teaching 2173

SN instructed patient on proper use of insulin such as keeping currently in use vials in refrigerator not in freezer, take insulin exactly as prescribed and never to adjust dose without orders from physician ( MD ), and to never use insulin that has changed color or consistency. SN educated patient on sites of body that insulin can be administered including abdomen, upper arms, thighs or buttocks. Patient verbalized understanding.

Tresiba Teaching 2169

SN explained that the Tresiba is a long - acting insulin used to control high blood sugar in adults with diabetes. SN instructed about more frequents side effects of tresiba ( reactions at the injection site, itching, rash, allergic reactions , skin thickening or pits at the injection site ( lipodystrophy ), weight gain, and swelling of your hands and feet, among others). SN oriented to notify the doctor if any of these side effects are severe. SN instructed that the insulin dose may need to change because of change in level of physical activity or exercise, increased stress, change in diet, weight gain or loss, or illness.

Tylenol Teaching 2167

SN instructed about more frequents side effects of Tylenol ( Nausea, vomiting , stomach upset, red, peeling skin, Rash, Hives, Itching, swelling of the face , among others ). This drug may be used safely if therapy is short - term and does not exceed recommended doses. SN instructed patient / caregiver to notify the doctor if any of these side effects are severe. Patient / caregiver was instructed to place a rubber mat or adhesive texture strips on the bottom of the bathtub or shower to prevent falls.

Metoprolol Teaching 2164

SN instructed patient / caregiver regarding Metoprolol Tartrate, which is in a group of drugs called beta - blockers. That is affect the heart and circulation ( blood flow through arteries and veins ). Metoprolol is used to treat angina ( chest pain ) and hypertension ( high blood pressure ). It is also used to treat or prevent heart attack. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects: chest pain, pounding heartbeats or fluttering in your chest, feeling light - headed, fainting; feeling short of breath, even with mild exertion, swelling of your hands or feet, nausea, upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay - colored stools, jaundice ( yellowing of the skin or eyes ), easy bruising, unusual bleeding ( nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum ), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin, wheezing, trouble breathing. Less serious side effects may include: dry mouth, constipation, heartburn, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, drowsiness, tired feeling, sleep problems ( insomnia ), or anxiety, nervousness. Do not suddenly stop taking metoprolol tartrate. Sharp chest pain, irregular heartbeat, and sometimes heart attack may occur if you suddenly stop metoprolol tartrate. The risk may be greater if you have certain types of heart disease. Tell your doctor or dentist that you take metoprolol tartrate before you receive any medical or dental care, emergency care or surgery.

Eliquis Teaching 2163

SN instructed patient that Eliquis is used to prevent serious blood clots from forming due to a certain irregular heartbeat ( atrial fibrillation ) or after hip/knee replacement surgery. With atrial fibrillation, part of the heart does not beat the way it should. This can lead to blood clots forming, which can travel to other parts of your body (such as the lungs or legs) or increase your risk for stroke. In the United States, apixaban is also approved to treat certain types of blood clots ( deep vein thrombosis - DVT, pulmonary embolus - PE ) and to prevent them from forming again. Eliquis is an anticoagulant that works by blocking certain clotting proteins in your blood. SN also instructed that Nausea, easy bruising, or minor bleeding ( such as nosebleed, bleeding from cuts ) may occur. If any of these effects persist or worsen, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. This medication can cause serious bleeding if it affects your blood clotting proteins too much. Tell your doctor right away if you have any signs of serious bleeding, including: unusual pain / swelling / discomfort, unusual bruising, prolonged bleeding from cuts or gums, persistent / frequent nosebleeds, unusually heavy / prolonged menstrual flow, pink/dark urine, coughing up blood, vomit that is bloody or looks like coffee grounds, severe headache, dizziness / fainting, unusual or persistent tiredness / weakness, bloody / black / tarry stools, difficulty swallowing.