Instructed patient if you have a hard time breathing, you may have secretions in your trach tube. Take out the inner cannula to check for mucous and clean if necessary. Then replace it. If your breathing does not get better, keep using your humidity, and cough hard.
Instructed patient if your trach tube comes out Don’t panic! Stay calm. Your stoma will stay open. If you do not know how to put the tube back in or you can’t get it in, have someone take you to the nearest Emergency Department, or go to your family doctor’s office. Take your extra trach tube with you.
Instructed caregiver how to prevent Pressure Ulcers for Bed bound patients: Take care of the Skin Inspect the skin at least once every day. Pay attention to any red areas that remain even after changing position.
The patient was instructed on the consequences of chemotherapy and how it affects your body, and that is not related to cancer, the side effects it produces. Some common side effects of chemotherapy are low white blood cell count, low red blood cell count, platelets account, nausea, vomiting, hair loss, fatigue, among others.
Perform stretching and relaxation exercises before getting out of bed. Use a tub seat and handheld showerhead when bathing when bathing. Rest before difficult tasks. Take frequent rest periods during the activity. Pace activities, and do not rush. Plan trips before going up and down stairs. Roll, push, or pull instead of lifting. Sit to perform an activity instead of standing, when possible. Hold objects close to you instead of away from your body. Use arm supports to perform an activity (i.e., resting elbows on table while shaving, brushing teeth, and eating). Limit activity on days of high air pollution.
SN instructed on hyperthermia. Explained that hyperthermia is when the body's core temperature is below the normal and one start to shiver tremendously which and can turn worse into a glassy stare, pale in color, even frost bite, also altered mental status if severe enough. If by chance pt or any loved one was to start experiencing this, and if in wet clothes, one must get out of them into warm dry clothes. Gradually start warming the body with blankets and avoid giving any liquids if in the stage of altered mental state, due to possibility of person going unconscious. Never give person alcohol, or anything with caffeine. Skin to skin contact can help bring ones body temperature up. If frost bit occurs, one can warm body part usually fingers and toes up in warm to hot water up to 110degrees by soaking for awhile, if person is going to moved out of warm place do not re-warm feet just apply 4x4's in-between toes to avoid them sticking to each other.
The patient was instructed in chest trauma flail chest how to splint the chest when coughing to avoid pain. The patient was encouraged to review upper respiratory infection, shortness of breath, persistent cough, and persistent chest pain.
The patient was instructed in burns and its classification. The patient was advised that the curative process with new skin progress is expected in 6 weeks with mature healing within 6 to 12 months, depending on the extended of injury. The patient was taught to care of healed burns, avoiding exposure to direct sunlight, harsh detergent, fabric softeners etc., avoid contact with persons with infections especially upper respiratory infections. The patient was recommended to obtain medical supplies for dressing and any special assistive devices for home care management. The patient was encouraged in the importance of physiotherapy to assist in the exercise regimen and water exercises to maintain limb mobility.
The patient was instructed in head trauma in the importance of the wound/incision care in any laceration or medical cut. The patient was advised that possible remaining effects like dizziness, headaches, memory loss can be continue for up to 3 to 4 months after trauma. The patient was reviewed that may experience variations in character, inappropriate social behavior, hallucinations. The patient was taught in finding assistive devices for ambulation. The patient was reviewed in concussion to evade Valsalva maneuvers like pulling during defecation, coughing, nose blowing, sneezing.
Infection control measures and proper hand washing techniques. Hand washing has to be done to prevent the growth of microorganisms on the nails, hands, and forearms. When hands are visibly dirty or contaminated with proteinaceous material or are visibly soiled with blood or other body fluids, wash hands with soap and water, if hands are not visibly soiled, use an alcohol-based hand rub for routinely decontaminating hands. Wash hands before eating and after using a restroom. Wash hands for at least 15 seconds, covering all surfaces of the hands and fingers, rinse hands with water and dry thoroughly with a disposable towel, use towel to turn off the faucet, use hand lotions or creams to minimize the occurrence of irritant contact dermatitis associated with hand antisepsis or hand washing.