Instruct patient and caregiver regarding self-management of total knee replacement. Instructed patient about how is life different after a knee replacement it’s also normal to have temporary swelling, pressure and/or bruising in your ankles and feet, and these may last for a few months. Here are a couple things you can do to help: ice your knee (always cover ice packs in a towel to avoid frostbite, wear compression stockings, elevate your leg with a pillow, ankle exercises verbalized.
SN completed patient cardiovascular and pulmonary assessment. Educated staff on monitoring patient for dizziness, syncope, cardiovascular status, anxiety, and agitation related to medication SEs. Staff to encourage patient to rise slowly to prevent syncope and dizziness. Staff instructed to monitor environmental hazards to prevent falls and injuries in addition to monitoring skin for breakdown due to episodes of bowel and bladder incontinence.
SN completed patient cardiovascular and pulmonary assessment. Medication reviewed and administered. Educated staff on monitoring patient for mood changes, aggressive episodes, anxiety, and agitation related to medication SEs. Staff instructed to monitor environmental hazards to prevent falls and injuries. Staff was also encourages to encourage patient to rise slowly to prevent syncope and dizziness.
Monitor circulation r/t compression dressing. Report if dressing is tight and constricting esp. in back of leg. Check color of feet and report if bluish or purple in color. Report any c/o numbness or tingling. Dressing should be removed immediately if any s/s occur. and notify doctor or nurse.
SN instructed about aspiration precautions. Consume honey thick liquids. Do not use a straw to drink fluid. Sit straight up when eating or drinking, have supervision with meals, do not eat alone. Sit up at least 1/2 hour after a meal.
SN instructed patient on importance of hand washing before and after eating, after using the bathroom , after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing, after being outside , in order to prevent spread of germs.
Patient was educated on how to wear ordered arm sling, Gently pull the sling over your arm and elbow. It should fit snugly around the elbow, reach around your neck and grab the strap behind your elbow and tighten the straps so your hand and forearm are elevated above the level of your elbow. Orders were to maintain sling at 90 degree angle and to avoid any activities with the arm. Patient verbalized understanding
SN instructed on arteriosclerosis is hardening and thickening of the walls of the arteries. This condition can occur because of fatty deposits on the inner lining of arteries (atherosclerosis), calcification of the wall of the arteries, or thickening of the muscular wall of the arteries from chronically elevated blood pressure. When arteriosclerosis affects the coronary arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle, a shortage of oxygen delivered to the heart itself may lead to a heart attack.
SN instructed that the main job of the kidneys is to filter wastes and extra water out of your blood to make urine. Your kidneys also help control blood pressure and make hormones that your body needs to stay healthy.High blood glucose, also called blood sugar, can damage the blood vessels in your kidneys. When the blood vessels are damaged, they don’t work as well. Many people with diabetes also develop high blood pressure, which can also damage your kidneys
SN instructed patient / caregiver on proper incontinence care as to check every 2-3 hours if needed. Educated on pressure reduction measures as to change patient's position in bed/chair every 2-3 hours, avoid positioning on affected areas and use pressure reduction mattress or chair cushion.