Patient was instructed on list of measures to prevent falls at home: If use a cane put rubber tips on it. Keep the house well lit especially stairways, porches and outside walkways. Use night lights in areas such as hallways and bathroom.
Instructed patient to install light switches at both the top and bottom of stairways.
Instructed patient in the importance to use the ambulatory aids to prevent accidental falls.
Instructed on the importance of using adjunctive equipment (e.g., cane) as a measure aimed to reducing the risk of falls/injuries.
Patient was instructed on other reasons Why Older People Fall such as: Impaired vision & for example, needing new glasses or having cataracts, Excess use of alcohol or sedatives.
Patient was instructed on strategies that can significantly help decrease the risk of a fall such as: Skid-proof mats or strips in the shower and bathtub, Removal of furniture that can slip away if grabbed accidentally for support, supportive non-slip footwear and not walking in stocking feet.
Patient was instructed on balance. With age, a combination of factors decreases balance. The nerve endings in our feet don't detect impulses as readily and the balance control centers in our brain and our ears operate more slowly. Age-related changes in vision and hearing, even when subtle, also contribute to the decline in balance.
Patient instructed to breathe deeply five or six times after experiencing a fall. In the event of any injuries do not try to get up, call a family member immediately for assistance.
Patient instructed that if after a fall he or she does not feel injured it is advisable to crawl to the nearest chair or strong piece of furniture to try to get up and call for help.
Patient was instructed on measures to prevent falls at home during daily activities store household items on lower shelves so there is no need to climb or reach high. Or use a reaching device that you can buy at a medical supply store. To climb for something, use a step stool with handrails.