Instructed in possible complications of diabetes such as kidney disease. The early kidney damage has no symptoms. However, a blood test is now available to detect diabetic kidney damage at an early stage when it is still reversible. This is called the microalbumin test.
Instructed that alcohol may lower glucose levels and therefore should be avoided.
Instructed in how to list possible causes of high blood sugars: excess food, insufficient insulin, lack of exercise, stress, infection or fever.
Instructed in how to recognize signs and symptoms of high blood sugar such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, headache, weakness, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, etc.
Instructed in knowing what to do if symptoms of high blood sugar occur: contact physician or go to emergency room.
Instructed in knowing what to do if symptoms of low blood sugar occur: eat some form of glucose or carbohydrate, notify physician or go to emergency room if symptoms persist.
Instructed in possible complications of diabetes such as kidney and bladder disorders, strokes, heart disorders, eye complications, peripheral vascular disorders, nervous system disorders.
Instructed in how to recognize signs and symptoms of diabetes such as excesive thirst, fatigue, increased urination, increased appetite, slow healing wounds, itching, changes in vision, weight loos.
Instructed in measures important in management of diabetes mellitus: follow prescribed diabetic diet, see physician, dentist, and eye doctor regulary, take medications as ordered, exercise regularly.
Instructed in measures important in foot care of the diabetic: inspect feet dialy, report any foot problems to podiatrist or physician, wash feet dialy with warm soap and water and pat dry; especially between toes.