Instructed in complication of diarrhea such as dehydration, electrolyte imbalance or anal excoriation. Dehydration is indicated by dry mouth, poor skin tugor, dry, flushed skin, decreased urine output, sunken eyes and weak, rapid pulse.
Instructed in how to recognize S/S of hypotension such as dizziness, blurred vision, fatigue, weakness, confusion, etc.
Instructed that alcohol may lower glucose levels and therefore should be avoided.
Instructed in how to list possible causes of high blood sugars: excess food, insufficient insulin, lack of exercise, stress, infection or fever.
Instructed in how to recognize signs and symptoms of high blood sugar such as frequent urination, excessive thirst, headache, weakness, fatigue, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, etc.
Instructed in knowing what to do if symptoms of high blood sugar occur: contact physician or go to emergency room.
Instructed in knowing what to do if symptoms of low blood sugar occur: eat some form of glucose or carbohydrate, notify physician or go to emergency room if symptoms persist.
Instructed in possible complications of diabetes such as kidney and bladder disorders, strokes, heart disorders, eye complications, peripheral vascular disorders, nervous system disorders.
Instructed in measures important in foot care of the diabetic: wear shoes that support and fit properly, wear socks that are clean and fit properly, avoid going barefooted, etc.
Instructed in S/S of possible urinary tract infection such as back pain, burning, oliguria, dysuria, retention, fever, etc.