Instructed caregiver persons with mental retardation are living longer and integrating into their communities. Primary medical care of persons with mental retardation should involve continuity of care, maintenance of comprehensive treatment documentation, routine periodic health screening, and an understanding of the unique medical and behavioral disorders common to this population. Office visits can be successful if physicians familiarize patients with the office and staff, plan for difficult behaviors, and administer mild sedation when appropriate. Some syndromes that cause mental retardation have specific medical and behavioral features. Health issues in these patients include respiratory problems, gastrointestinal disorders, challenging behaviors, and neurologic conditions. Some commonly overlooked health concerns are sexuality, sexually transmitted diseases, and end-of-life decisions.
Instructed patient Intervention of impaired physical mobility, this condition includes prevention of dependent disabilities, restoring mobility when possible, as well as maintaining or preserving the existing mobility. Special patient care includes changing position, exercises, nutrition and giving a safe environment, etc. We look in detail at the nursing care plan for impaired physical mobility. Patient verbalized understanding.
Instructed patient how alive pain simple things like regular activity can make a big difference. Try walking. They can ease joint pain and help with balance, flexibility, and strength. Aim for 30 minutes 3 or 4 days a week, even if it’s something light like stretching or gardening. Work with your doctor or physical therapist to make the best plan for you. Patient verbalized understanding.
Instructed patient Exercise Although resting for short periods can alleviate pain, too much rest may actually increase pain and put you at greater risk of injury when you again attempt movement. Research has shown that regular exercise can diminish pain in the long term by improving muscle tone, strength, and flexibility. Exercise may also cause a release of endorphins, the body's natural painkillers. Some exercises are easier for certain chronic pain sufferers to perform than others.
Instructed caregiver keep the patient's skin around her PEG tube dry. This will help prevent skin irritation and infection. Caregiver verbalized understanding.
Instruct patient and caregiver regarding self-management of total knee replacement. Instructed patient about how is life different after a knee replacement it’s also normal to have temporary swelling, pressure and/or bruising in your ankles and feet, and these may last for a few months. Here are a couple things you can do to help: ice your knee (always cover ice packs in a towel to avoid frostbite, wear compression stockings, elevate your leg with a pillow, ankle exercises verbalized.
SN completed patient cardiovascular and pulmonary assessment. Educated staff on monitoring patient for dizziness, syncope, cardiovascular status, anxiety, and agitation related to medication SEs. Staff to encourage patient to rise slowly to prevent syncope and dizziness. Staff instructed to monitor environmental hazards to prevent falls and injuries in addition to monitoring skin for breakdown due to episodes of bowel and bladder incontinence.
SN completed patient cardiovascular and pulmonary assessment. Medication reviewed and administered. Educated staff on monitoring patient for mood changes, aggressive episodes, anxiety, and agitation related to medication SEs. Staff instructed to monitor environmental hazards to prevent falls and injuries. Staff was also encourages to encourage patient to rise slowly to prevent syncope and dizziness.
SN instructed patient and caregiver on some measures aimed to controlling/managing constipation, such as: establish regular times for evacuations usually after a meal and drink a warm liquid one-half hour before breakfast to stimulate bowel movement, avoid laxative and enema abuse. Instructed on some potential complications of constipation, such as: stool impaction bowel blockage, liquid bowel movement may ooze around hard stool in the colon, pain, valsalva maneuver may be caused by straining, causing a slowed pulse, decreased blood return and increased venous pressure, rectal bleeding and rectal pain.
SN instructed patient and caregiver on measures to prevent constipation: increasing fluids (prefer approx. 8 glasses of water daily) eating a diet high in fiber, and avoiding foods with sugars (pasta, pastries, cheese, rice, etc.), exercise regularly at a slow, steady pace, as directed by md if you are able. Both parties verbalized understanding.