Medications

Tylenol Teaching 111

Instructed in new medication Tylenol to manage mild pain or fever. In addition, warned of possible S/E such as hemolytuc anemia, neutropenia, leukopenia, pancytopenia, liver damage, jaundice, hypoglycemia, rash and urticaria. Consult prescriber before giving drug to children younger than age 2. Tylenol is only for short-term use. Consult prescriber if it is given to children for longer than 5 days or adults for longer than 10 days. Instructed not to use for marked fever (higher than 103.1 F), fever persisting longer than 3 days, or recurrent fever unless it is directed by prescriber. Warned that high doses or unsupervised long-term use can cause hepatic damage. Excessive ingestion of alcohol may increase the risk of hepatotoxicity. Breast-feeding women: acetaminophen appears in breast milk in low levels (less than 1% of dose). Drug may be used safely if therapy is short-term and does not exceed recommended doses.

Glucovance Teaching 112

Instructed in new medication Glucovance to improve glycemic control in patients with type-two diabetes whose hyperglycemia cannot be controlled with diet and exercise alone. In addition, warned of possible S/E such as headache, dizziness, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis, or upper respiratory tract infection. Instructed to take one daily with breakfast and, if twice daily, then at breakfast and dinner. Stop drug and tell prescriber of unexplained hyperventilation, myalgia, malaise, unusual somnolence, or other symptoms of early lactic acidosis. GI symptoms are common with initial drug therapy but GI symptoms that occur after prolonged therapy may be related to lactic acidosis or other serious disease and should be reported promptly. Instructed not to take any other drugs, including OTC drugs, without checking with prescriber.

Aricept Teaching 114

Instructed in new medication Aricept to manage moderate dementia of the Alzheimer type. In addition, warned of possible S/E such as headache, insomnia, dizziness, fatigue, depression, abnormal dreams, somnolence, seizures, tremor, irritability, paresthesia, aggression, vertigo, ataxia, restlessness, abnormal crying, nervousness, aphasia, syncope, pain, chest pain, hypertension, vasodilation, atrial fibrillation, hot flashes, hypotension, cataract, blurred vision, eye irritation, sore throat, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, anorexia, fecal incontinence, GI bleeding, bloating, epigastric pain, frequent urination, ecchymosis, weight loss, dehydration, muscle cramps, arthritis, toothache, bone fracture, dyspnea, bronchitis, pruritus, urticaria, diaphoresis, influenza, and increased libido. The drug does not alter the underlying degenerative disease but can temporarily stabilize or relieve symptoms. Effective therapy depends on taking drug at regular intervals. Instructed to take drug in the evening, just before bedtime. Immediately report significant adverse effects or changes in overall health status. Inform health care team that patient is taking drug before he receives anesthesia. Avoid OTC cold or sleep remedies because of the potential for increased anticholinergic effects.

Zocor Teaching 139

Instructed in new medication: Zocor, ordered to manage cholesterol levels and in S/E such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, etc.