Vioxx Teaching 79

Instructed in new medication Vioxx to manage osteoarthritis. In addition, warned of possible S/E such as headache, asthenia, fatigue, dizziness, aseptic meningitis, hypertension, lower-extremity edema, sinusitis, diarrhea, dyspepsia, epigastric discomfort, heartburn, nausea, abdominal pain, GI bleeding, urinary tract infection, hyponatremia, back pain, bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infection, pulmonary edema and flu-like syndrome. Patient may experience signs and symptoms of GI bleeding, including bloody vomitus, blood in urine and stool and black, tarry stools. Advised to call MD if he experiences these signs or symptoms. Report rash, unexplained weight gain or edema. Avoid aspirin and products containing aspirin unless prescriber has instructed otherwise. Avoid OTC anti-inflammatories such as ibuprofen (Advil) unless prescriber has instructed it. All NSAIDs including Rofecoxib may adversely affect the liver. Signs and symptoms of liver toxicity include nausea, fatigue, lethargy, itching, jaundice, right upper quadrant tenderness and flu-like syndrome. Instructed to stop therapy and call MD immediately if patient experiences these signs or symptoms. Women must inform MD if they become pregnant, or they are planning on becoming pregnant while taking drugs. This drug may be taken without regard to food although taking it with food may decrease GI distress. The most common adverse effects of this drug are dyspepsia, epigastric discomfort, heartburn and nausea. Taking drug with food may help minimize these effects.