SN instructed patient about tracheotomy care suctioning always involves: assessment , oxygenation management, use of correct suction pressure, liquefying secretions, using the proper-size , suction catheter and insertion distance appropriate patient positioning, evaluation, using the proper - size suction catheter and insertion distance appropriate patient positioning evaluation.
SN instructed patient about tracheotomy care dressing changes promote skin integrity and help prevent infection at the stoma site and in the respiratory system. The patient should be instructed at least once per shift, apply a new dressing to the stoma site to absorb secretions and insulate the skin . After applying a skin barrier, apply either a split - drain or a foam dressing. Change a wet dressing immediately.