Instructed patient on signs and symptoms of CVA , sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg, especially on one side of the body, sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or difficulty understanding speech, sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes,sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance, or lack of coordination.If you have any of these symptoms call 911, it is critical that a stroke victim receive evaluation and proper treatment quickly to minimize the injury to the brain tissue.
The signs and symptoms of a TIA resemble those found early in a stroke and may include sudden onset of: Weakness, numbness or paralysis in your face, arm or leg, typically on one side of your body. Slurred or garbled speech or difficulty understanding others. Blindness in one or both eyes or double vision. Despite resolving within minutes to an hour.
SN instructed patient / caregiver that the stroke occurs when a clot or a torn blood vessel in the brain stops blood from reaching a part of the brain. Damage to that part of the brain from lack of blood and oxygen can cause various signs and symptoms of stroke, such as facial drooping, numbness and paralysis. Although anyone can have a stroke, your risk increases if you're male, over age 65, or have one of these conditions: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart disease, or diabetes. Being overweight, smoking, abusing drugs or alcohol, and taking birth control pills increase risk, too. African - Americans, people who are Hispanic or Asian, and those with a close relative who's had a stroke are also at higher risk.
The patient was instructed in stroke cerebrovascular accident in the need to get correct devices like as walkers, specialty beds, and aids to safety, feeding, toileting, and grooming. The patient was instructed to deal with chronic pain. The patient was encouraged to use vision on the affected side. The patient was encouraged to use hearing on the affected side. The patient was encouraged to use of the unaffected extremity to assist the affected side in locating and movement. The patient was taught in the use of a hang for the affected arm to care the arm and shoulder. The patient was taught to support affected extremities when repositioning. The patient was advised to limit rotating to and lying on the affected side to 1 hour. The patient was instructed to do range-of-motion exercises of the affected extremities using the unaffected extremities. The patient was instructed to watch the affected leg whereas walking.
Instructed in factors that increase the risk of stroke such as age, family history, race, prior stroke, history of diabetes, cardiac and renal disease, among others.
Instructed in possible effects of a stroke such as paralysis or weakness on one side of the body, difficulty with speech and language, urine and fecal incontinence, visual deficits, emotional lability.
Instructed in measures to prevent a stroke: prevent atherosclerosis, exercise regularly, avoid smoking, monitor and control diabetes, high blood pressure, or other diseases, etc.