SN instructed patient and caregiver that the key difference between a suspected deep tissue injury (sDTI) and an unstageable pressure ulcer is that sDTI involves intact skin, whereas an unstageable ulcer involves a breakdown into at least the subcutaneous tissue. An unstageable ulcer is covered with necrotic tissue, such as slough or eschar, formed from remnants of the collagen matrix of subcutaneous tissue. So it’s always a full-thickness ulcer either stage III or stage IV.
SN instructed care giver that changing a patient's position in bed every 2 hours helps keep blood flowing. This helps the skin stay healthy and prevents bedsores.
SN instructed patient that diabetes may lead to skin problems that range from itching to infections that are hard to control. To reduce your chances for getting skin problems, take good care of your skin every day: Bathe daily with mild soap and lukewarm water. Apply a small amount of moisturizing lotion while your skin is moist. Avoid scratches, punctures, and other injuries.
SN instructed patient on importance of protecting skin by: keeping your skin moist with lotions or ointments to prevent cracking, wearing shoes that fit well and provide enough room for your feet, learning how to trim your nails to avoid harming the skin around them, wearing appropriate protective equipment when participating in work or sports.
Instructed caregiver clean patient's skin daily: Clean the patient's skin around your tube 1 to 2 times each day.
Instructed patient on measures to protect skin, such as, keeping skin clean and dry, assessing frequently for skin breakdown, avoiding powder due to possible craking and irritation, etc.
Patient was instructed on the importance of a good skin care which can prevent most pressure sores (bedsores) which develop in people who have already skin damage, who are mentally confused, who are bed bound or cannot turn side to side.
Patient was instructed on the importance of skin integrity to prevent future complication: Massage reddened skin gently al least 3 or 4 times daily. Keep the skin clean and dry and after use a protective ointment or spray.
Patient was instructed on factors that contributes to poor skin integrity, such as, immobilization, poor circulation, moisture, heat, anemia, shearing forces poor nutritional status, etc.
Patient was instructed on measures to protect the skin, such as, keeping the skin clean and dry, assessing frequently for skin breakdown, avoiding powder due to possible caking and irritation.