SN instructed the patient on good diabetic foot care and assessment as follows: using a handheld mirror if needed assess feet daily to include in between toes. Never cut toenails or file down calluses. Only a podiatrist should do this. Report any blisters, cracks, wounds or any other concerns to your podiatrist immediately. Wash and lotion feet very well daily. Do not lotion between toes as this may cause maceration and cause skin breakdown. Recommended wearing diabetic socks. Always wear good fitting shoes. Preferably tailor-made for the patient. Never walk around barefoot.
Instructed the patient/caregiver on important foot care: inspect feet daily, report any foot problems to MD or Podiatrist, wash feet daily with warm soap and water and pat dry especially between toes, clip nails straight across and gently file with an emery board, wear shoes that support and fit properly, wear socks that are clean and fit properly, avoid going barefooted, avoid exposure to extreme temperatures, and avoid tobacco
Instructed patient about not using OTC chemicals on corns, calluses or warts since they are often too strong to use in diabetics.
Instructed patient to avoid cutting corn or calluses.
Instructed patient to wear flat; comfortable walking shoes as much as possible and select adequate socks.
Instructed patient on never walking barefoot to prevent cuts and burns and also to wear sleepers at night when getting up.
Instructed patient to cut the toenails straight across and file the edges, don't rip off hangnails.
Instructed patient about basic tips to help prevent infections in people with diabetes: wear shoes or slippers at all times, wear comfortable shoes; get used to new shoes slowly and always wear 'heavy' soft cotton socks.
Instructed patient to keep feet dry, especially between toes, to use lotion to keep skin soft and moist and to keep feet clean. Wash daily with lukewarm water.
Instructed patient to cut toenails straight across. This will help to avoid ingrown toenails. Also instructed to avoid letting somebody else to cut the toenails.