Instructed caregiver the key to successful wound healing is regular podiatric medical care to ensure the following “gold standard” of care: Lowering blood sugar, appropriate debridement of wounds, treating any infection, reducing friction and pressure, restoring adequate blood flow.
Instructed caregiver learning how to check patient's feet is crucial so that you can find a potential problem as early as possible.
Instructed caregiver inspect patient's feet every day—especially the sole and between the toes—for cuts, bruises, cracks, blisters, redness, ulcers, and any sign of abnormality. Each time you visit a health-care provider, remove your shoes and socks so your feet can be examined. Any problems that are discovered should be reported to patient's podiatrist as soon as possible; no matter how simple they may seem to you.
Instructed caregiver reducing additional risk factors, such as , high cholesterol, and elevated blood glucose, are important in prevention and treatment of a diabetic foot ulcer. Wearing the appropriate shoes and socks will go a long way in reducing risks. the patient podiatrist can provide guidance in selecting the proper shoes.
Instructed caregiver the patient are at high risk if the patient have or do the following: Neuropathy, Poor circulation, A foot deformity (e.g., bunion, hammer toe), Wear inappropriate shoes, Uncontrolled blood sugar, History of a previous foot ulceration.
Instructed caregiver to keep patient's ulcer from becoming infected, it is important to: keep blood glucose levels under tight control; keep the ulcer clean and bandaged; cleanse the wound daily, using a wound dressing or bandage; and avoid walking barefoot.
Patient is unable to perform wound care due to complexity of wound, location, size of wound, poor manual dexterity, forgetful (dementia), and knowledge deficit. No skilled/willing caregiver to perform wound care.
Instructed caregiver reduce friction by making sure when lifting a patient in bed that they are lifted, not dragged during repositioning, prevent ulcers from occurring and can also help them from getting worse .
Make sure the skin remains clean and dry. Examine the skin daily. Inspect pressure areas gently. Make sure the bed linens remain dry and free of wrinkles. Pat the skin dry, do not rub
Instructed patient reposition bed-bound persons at least every two hours and chair-bound persons every hour consistent with overall goals of care.