Instructed caregiver how to prevent Pressure Ulcers for Bed bound patients: Take care of the Skin Inspect the skin at least once every day. Pay attention to any red areas that remain even after changing position.
Infection control measures and proper hand washing techniques. Hand washing has to be done to prevent the growth of microorganisms on the nails, hands, and forearms. When hands are visibly dirty or contaminated with proteinaceous material or are visibly soiled with blood or other body fluids, wash hands with soap and water, if hands are not visibly soiled, use an alcohol-based hand rub for routinely decontaminating hands. Wash hands before eating and after using a restroom. Wash hands for at least 15 seconds, covering all surfaces of the hands and fingers, rinse hands with water and dry thoroughly with a disposable towel, use towel to turn off the faucet, use hand lotions or creams to minimize the occurrence of irritant contact dermatitis associated with hand antisepsis or hand washing.
The patient was instructed in head trauma in the importance of the wound/incision care in any laceration or medical cut. The patient was advised that possible remaining effects like dizziness, headaches, memory loss can be continue for up to 3 to 4 months after trauma. The patient was reviewed that may experience variations in character, inappropriate social behavior, hallucinations. The patient was taught in finding assistive devices for ambulation. The patient was reviewed in concussion to evade Valsalva maneuvers like pulling during defecation, coughing, nose blowing, sneezing.
The patient was instructed in chest trauma flail chest how to splint the chest when coughing to avoid pain. The patient was encouraged to review upper respiratory infection, shortness of breath, persistent cough, and persistent chest pain.
The patient was instructed in burns and its classification. The patient was advised that the curative process with new skin progress is expected in 6 weeks with mature healing within 6 to 12 months, depending on the extended of injury. The patient was taught to care of healed burns, avoiding exposure to direct sunlight, harsh detergent, fabric softeners etc., avoid contact with persons with infections especially upper respiratory infections. The patient was recommended to obtain medical supplies for dressing and any special assistive devices for home care management. The patient was encouraged in the importance of physiotherapy to assist in the exercise regimen and water exercises to maintain limb mobility.
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