Diseases Process

SN instructed patient and caregiver about what angina pectoris is. Angina pectoris is chest pain that is caused by insufficient oxygen to meet demands of the heart. Lack of oxygen occurs when insufficient blood flows through the coronary arteries. Stable angina usually has a precipitating cause while unstable angina can occur at rest.
Patient instructed in congestive heart failure occurs when your heart is not able to pump enough blood to meet the needs of the rest of your body. If you have CHF, blood and extra fluid may back up into your lungs, making it difficult for you to breathe, swelling in your ankles and legs (called edema) may occur, you may experience excess fatigue with exercise.
Patient instructed in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is when the heart vessels become narrow, which decreases the blood flow to the heart muscle. The narrowing of the heart vessels can be caused by plaque build-up from high cholesterol, fat, and calcium. The decrease in blood flow decreases the oxygenation of the heart muscle and leads to heart damage.
Patient instructed on how Levodopa and Carbidopa are used in combination to treat the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. Carbidopa prevents the breakdown of Levodopa in the bloodstream so more Levodopa can enter the brain. This can reduce some of Levodopa's side effects such as nausea and vomiting, and it may also allow your doctor to increase your Levodopa dose more quickly to find the best dose.
Patient also instructed on Clostridium difficile colitis (C. diff) and the increase risk due to the multiple ABT. Patient instructed that the most common symptoms of Clostridium difficile colitis (C. diff) infection include: watery diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite, nausea, belly pain and tenderness. Instructed to clean their hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand rub often and every after going to the restroom.
Instructed patient and caregiver on Hypertensive urgency which is a situation where the blood pressure is severely elevated or higher for your diastolic pressure. That experiencing hypertensive urgency may or may not experience one or more of these symptoms: severe headache, shortness of breath, nosebleeds, and severe anxiety, chest pain, back pain, numbness/weakness, change in vision, difficulty speaking do not wait to see if your pressure comes down on its own. Seek immediately medical assistance and/or call 9-1-1.
Instructed patient to avoid foods which might increase acid reflux. Food that is very hot or very cold, fried foods, peppermint, coffee, drinks that contain caffeine, spicy, highly seasoned foods, tomato-based dishes, citrus fruits and juices, chocolate and sweets. If patient any reflux symptoms, instructed on not lie down right after eating and to remain upright for at least 2 hours.
SN instructed patient on deep vein thrombosis is a blood clot in a vein deep in your body, such as the calf of your leg. The greatest danger is a clot that breaks off and travels to the lung(s). When this clot in the lung is called a pulmonary embolism (PE), a PE can be life threatening
SN instructed patient that a seizure can occur at any time and without warning, patient should shower only with someone in attendance. Leave the bathroom door unlocked, use shower chair, take shower rather than tubs baths.
SN instructed patient to recognize signs and symptoms of high blood pressure, although it is frequently asymptomatic, like blurring of vision, fatigue, nose bleeds and chest pain. If symptoms continue go to ER, or call 911.

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